IDENTIFIKASI SENYAWA KIMIA PADA BUAH SEGAR TERUNG POKAK (Solanum torvum) DENGAN METODE LCMS

  • Nunuk Helilusiatiningsih Universitas Islam Kadiri
Keywords: Chemical compounds, LCMS, Pokak Eggplant

Abstract

The content of antioxidant compounds in pokak eggplant (Solanum torvum) had the potential as an herbal medicine and was consumed by the world population. The research objective was to study the chemical compound content of the LCMS method. Experimental design with fresh fruit extraction of pokak eggplant using 95% ethanol solvent. The parameters measured were the chemical components found in fresh fruit. The results of analysis of chemical compounds include Choline, Proline, Bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, BMK ethyl glycidate, 4- Methoxycinnamic acid, chlorogenic acid, 7- Hydroxycoumarine, Trigonelline, 1- Vinylimidazole, Pipecolic acid, L- (+) - Arginine- Stearoylglycerol, Caffeine, Cetrimonium, l- Pyroglutamic acid, Erucamide, Muscone, Cucurmin, Stearamide, Betulin, Acetophenone, Ethyl oleate, SSR146977, D - (+) - Maltose, M-144, Monoolein, L-ide, Histidine, Tomatidine, Oleamide Hexadecanamide, Isoleucine, DIPEA, L- Aspartic acid, Octadecanimine, Maltol, 1-Linoleoyl glycerol, 3- Hydroxy-L- proline, Sakuranin, Leucylprolin, Diaminopimelic acid, Nervonic acid, Nootkatone, Caffeic acid, 5-Hydroxymethyl , Methyl cinnamate, Octyl decyl phthalate, 1-Aminocyclohexanecarboxylic acid, Glycerophospho-N-palmitoyl ethanolamine, 4-Methoxybenzaldehyde, Methyl palmitate, Cyclohexyl, phenyl ketone, Esculin, n-Pentyl isopentyl phthalate, - 6 -Ketoprostaglandin F1α, N, N-Dimethylsphingosin e, α-Eleostearic acid, cis-12-Octadecenoic acid methyl ester, Oleoyl ethanolamide, Citral, L-Tyrosine, XLR-11, Isovanillic acid, 1-Tetradecylamine, Isoquinoline, Calocarpin, Sedanolide, N-Acetyltyramine, Testosterone isocaproate , 2-Methyl-S-benzothiazole, 1-Aminocyclohexanecarboxylic acid, 4-Methylumbelliferyl-α-D-glucopyranoside, Dodecyltrimethylammonium, cis, cis-Muconic acid, 6-Ketoprostaglandin 4-octopamine, Lupeol, N-FeroyETl, [4- (4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) tetrahydro-1H, 3H-furo [3,4-c] furan-1-yl] -2-methoxyphenyl hexopyranoside.

References

Balachandran, C., Duraipandiyan, V., Al-Dhabi, N. A., Balakrishna, K., Kalia, N. P., Rajput, V. S., Khan, I. A., & Ignacimuthu, S. (2012). Antimicrobial and Antimycobacterial Activities of Methyl Caffeate Isolated from Solanum torvum Swartz. Fruit. Indian Journal of Microbiology, 52(4), 676–681. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12088-012-0313-8
Chah, K. F., Muko, K. N., & Oboegbulem, S. I. (2000). Antimicrobial activity of methanolic extract of Solanum torvum fruit. Fitoterapia, 71(2), 187–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0367-326X(99)00139-2
Dorly. (2005). Potensi tumbuhan obat indonesia dalam pengembangan industri agromedisin. Makalah Pribadi Sekolah Pasca Sarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor, -, 1–10.
Gandhi, G. R., Ignacimuthu, S., Paulraj, M. G., & Sasikumar, P. (2011). Antihyperglycemic activity and antidiabetic effect of methyl caffeate isolated from Solanum torvum Swartz. fruit in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. European Journal of Pharmacology, 670(2-3), 623–631. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2011.09.159
Helilusiatiningsih, N., & Soenyoto, E. (2020). Analisa Senyawa Bioaktif Antioksidan dan Zat Gizi terhadap Buah Terung Pokak ( Solanum Torvum ) sebagai Bahan Pangan Fungsional. Buana Sains, 20(1), 7–19. https://dx.doi.org/10.33366/bs.v20i1.1892
Hidayati, D. L. N., & Nofianti, T. (2015). PENELUSURAN POTENSI ANTIFERTILITAS BUAH TAKOKAK (Solanum torvum Swartz) MELALUI SKRINING FITOKIMIA DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP SIKLUS ESTRUS TIKUS PUTIH (Rattus norvegicus). Jurnal Kesehatan Bakti Tunas Husada, 13(1), 213–227.
Jaiswal, B. S. (2012). Solanum torvum: A review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences, 3(4), 104–111.
Karmakar, K., Amirul Islam, M., Afrin Chhanda, S., Islam Tuhin, T., Muslim, T., & Azizur Rahman, M. (2015). Secondary Metabolites from the Fruits of Solanum torvum SW. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 4(1), 160–163. http://www.phytojournal.com/archives/2015/vol4issue1/PartC/4-1-52.1-762.pdf
Lee, C. L., Hwang, T. L., He, W. J., Tsai, Y. H., Yen, C. T., Yen, H. F., Chen, C. J., Chang, W. Y., & Wu, Y. C. (2013). Anti-neutrophilic inflammatory steroidal glycosides from Solanum torvum. Phytochemistry, 95, 315–321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2013.06.015
Lu, Y. Y., Luo, J. G., & Kong, L. Y. (2011). Chemical Constituents from Solanum torvum. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, 9(1), 30–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1875-5364(11)60015-0
Mohan, M., Kamble, S., Gadhi, P., & Kasture, S. (2010). Protective effect of Solanum torvum on doxorubicin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48(1), 436–440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2009.10.042
Ortega, N., Romero, M. P., Macià, A., Reguant, J., Anglès, N., Morelló, J. R., & Motilva, M. J. (2010). Comparative study of UPLC-MS/MS and HPLC-MS/MS to determine procyanidins and alkaloids in cocoa samples. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 23(3), 298–305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2009.10.005
Smith, S. W., Giesbrecht, E., Thompson, M., Nelson, L. S., & Hoffman, R. S. (2008). Solanaceous steroidal glycoalkaloids and poisoning by Solanum torvum, the normally edible susumber berry. Toxicon, 52(6), 667–676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxicon.2008.07.016
Wannasiri, S., Chansakaow, S., & Sireeratawong, S. (2017). Effects of Solanum torvum fruit water extract on hyperlipidemia and sex hormones in high-fat fed male rats. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 7(5), 401–405. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apjtb.2017.01.027
Yuan, P. long, Wang, X. P., Jin, B. L., Yang, Y. F., Chen, K. X., Jia, Q., & Li, Y. M. (2016). Sesquiterpenes with immunosuppressive effect from the stems of Solanum torvum. Phytochemistry Letters, 17, 126–130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phytol.2016.07.006
Published
2021-02-23
Abstract viewed = 19 times
pdf downloaded = 19 times