PENGARUH KOMPOS GRANULAR DAN PUPUK ANORGANIK TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK FISIK TANAH ULTISOL DAN HASIL TANAMAN JAGUNG (ZEA MAYS L.)

  • Andi Adriani Wahditiya Universitas Pattimura
  • Nur Tasmiah Sirajuddin Universitas Pattimura
Keywords: Kompos Granular, Pupuk Anorganik, Tanah Ultisol, Tanaman Jagung

Abstract

Penelitian ini mengevaluasi dampak kombinasi kompos granular dan pupuk anorganik terhadap sifat-sifat tanah Ultisol serta pertumbuhan jagung. Desain eksperimen menggunakan blok acak dengan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri dari variasi aplikasi kompos dan pupuk anorganik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi setengah dosis rekomendasi pupuk anorganik dan 12 ton ha-1 kompos granular secara signifikan memperbaiki sifat fisik tanah, seperti persentase porositas tanah berat, pori-pori drainase cepat, pori-pori drainase lambat, dan pori air yang tidak tersedia. Selama pengamatan pertumbuhan dan hasil panen jagung, terungkap bahwa penggunaan pupuk anorganik secara berlebihan tidak memberikan peningkatan hasil yang signifikan. Namun, kombinasi tersebut menghasilkan hasil panen biji jagung kering tertinggi, meningkatkan sebesar 35% dibandingkan dengan aplikasi pupuk anorganik tunggal. Dari penelitian ini, dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan kombinasi kompos granular dan pupuk anorganik memiliki dampak positif terhadap sifat-sifat tanah dan hasil pertumbuhan jagung, serta mengurangi ketergantungan pada pupuk anorganik dan meningkatkan efisiensi penggunaannya dalam meningkatkan hasil tanaman. Disarankan untuk menerapkan kombinasi ini dalam praktik pertanian untuk meningkatkan produktivitas lahan serta keberlanjutan sistem pertanian.

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Published
2024-05-26
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