Pengaruh Terapi Dzikir Terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2

  • Sitti Fatimah M. Arsad Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Erna Rochmawati Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta
  • Arianti Arianti Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Abstract

Abstract Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease with metabolic disorders in the form of increased blood glucose levels caused by disruption of insulin secretion or insulin efficacy. Management of diabetes can be done by pharmacology or nonphamacology therapy. One of the nonpharmacological therapies is dhikr therapy. The study design used quasy experiment with the control group pre-post test design. The collected samples are 40 diabetes patients with simple random technique. The research sample was divided into 2 groups,control and intervention group, each of which was 20 respondents. Data analysis uses independent t-test. The results showed that dzikir therapy of sentences thayibah, asmaul husna and prayers performed every day for 2 weeks could significantly reduce patients blood glucose levels (p = 0.000) or p <0.05. Key Words : Dhikr Therapy, Blood Glucose Level, Type 2 Diabetes Melitus

References

Alfian, R. (2015). Korelasi Antara Kepatuhan Minum Obat dengan Kadar Gula Darah pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Rawat Jalan di RSUD Dr. H. Moch. Ansari Saleh Banjarmasin. Jurnal Pharmascience, 2(2), 15-23.
Allorerung, D, L., Sekeon, S,A, S., & Joseph, W, B, S. (2016). Hubungan Antara Umur, Jenis Kelamin Dan Tingkat Pendidikan Dengan Kejadian Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Di Puskesmas Ranotana Weru Kota Manado. Jurnal Seluruh, 8(3).24-25.
Amir, F., Mastutik, G., Hasinuddin., & M., Putra, T, S. (2018). Dhikr and Relaxation Improve Stress Preception and Reduce Blood Cortisol Level In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients With OAD. Journal Folia Medica Indonesia Unair. 54(4) 249-255. http:// doi.org/10.20473/fmi.v54i4.10707
Arifin, Damayanti, S. (2015). Hubungan Dukungan Keluarga Dengan Kepatuhan Diet Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Poli Penyakit Dalam RSUP dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoroklaten. Jurnal Keperawatan Respati Yogyakarta. 2(2), 37-44. https://doi.org/10.35842/jkry.v2i2.170.
Atkins, P & Bowler, I. (2016). Food in Society. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. USA
American Diabetes Asociation. (2018). Standars of Medical Care in Diabetes 2018. 14-37. http:// doi.org/10.2337/dc18-Sint01.
Bertalina & Purnama. (2016). Hubungan Lama Sakit, Pengetahuan, Motivasi Pasien dan Dukungan Keluarga dengan Kepatuhan Diet Pasien Diabetes Mellitus. Jurnal Kesehatan, 7(2), 329-340. https://doi.org/10.26630/jk.v7i2
Dewi, T., Amir, A., & Sabir, M. (2018). Kepatuhan Diet Pasien Dm Berdasarkan Tingkat Pengetahuan Dan Dukungan Keluarga Di Wilayah Puskesmas Sudiang Raya. Jurnal Media Gizi Pangan. 25(1), 55-63. https://doi.org/10.32382/mgp.v25i1.60
Fatimah, R,N. (2015). Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2. Medical Journal of Lampung University. 4(5), 94-112
Habiburrahman., Hesneli, Y., & Amir, Y. (2018). Efektivitas Terapi Dzikir Terhadap Kadar Glukosa Darah Pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe II. Jurnal Ners Indonesia, 8(2), 132-144. http://dx.doi.org/10.30652/jni.v8i2
Hackett, R, A., & Steptoe, A (2017). Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Psychological Stress- a midifiable risk factor. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 13(9), 547-560. http://doi.org/10.1038/nrendo.2017.64
International Diabetes Federation. (2015). IDF Diabetes Atlas 7th Edition. diakses 12 Juli 2018 dari http://www. diabetes atlas.org
Jafari, N., Farajzadegan, Z., Loghmani, A., & Majlesi, M. (2014). Spiritual Well-Being and Quality of Life of Iranian Adults with Type 2 Diabetes. Journal of Evidance-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 14(2), 1-8 https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/619028
Kemenkes RI. (2014). Situasi dan Analisis Diabetes. Pusat Data Dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Diakses 8 Mei 2018 dari http://www.depkes.go.id/
Khoirunnisa, L (2016). Hubungan antara Kebiasaan Membaca Asmaul Husna Dengan Kecerdasan Emosional siswa kelas XI Madrasah Aliyah Nurul Ummah Yogyakarta. Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam, 14(1), 15-68. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpai.2017.141-04
Kementerian Agama Republik Indonesia. (2015). Al-qr’an dan Terjemahan. Edisi ke-5, Dharma Art, Jakarta.
Lindquist, R., Snyder, M., & Tracy, M. F. (2014). Complementary & Alternative Therapies in Nursing. 7th Edition. Springer Publishing Company. USA
Petersmann, A., Nauck, M., Wieland, D, M., Kerner, W., Muller, U, A., Landgraf, R., Freckmann, G., Heinemann, L. (2018). Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes. 126(07), 406-410. http://doi.org/10.1055/a-0584-6223
Priya, G & Klara, S. (2017) Mind Body Intraction and Mindfulness Meditation in Diabetes. Journal European Endocrniology. 14 (1); 35-41. http://doi.org/10.4103/2230-8210.192924.
Song, Y., Nam, S., Park, S.,Shin, I, S., & Ku,B,J. (2017). The Impact of Social Support on Self-care of Patients With Diabetes: What Is the Effect of Diabetes Type? Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. The Diabetes Educator, 43(4), 396-412. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721717712457
Susanti, E. (2014). Pengaruh Latihan Pasrah Diri Terhadap Tingkat Stres dan Kadar Gula Darah pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 di Rumah Sakit PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Indonesian Journal Nursing Practice. Vol 1 (1). 78-91
Tao, X., Li, J., Zhu, X. et al. Association between socioeconomic status and metabolic control and diabetes complications: a cross-sectional nationwide study in Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Cardiovasc Diabetol. 15(61), 6-7. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12933-016-0376-7
Walker, R.J., Gebregziabher, M., Harris, B.M., & Egede, E. E. (2014). Independent effects of socioeconomic and psychological social determinants of health on self-care and outcomes in Type 2 diabetes. General Hospital Psychiatry. 36(6), 662-668. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2014.06.011
World Health Organization. (2016). Global Report on Diabetes. diakses 28 Agustus 2018 dari https://www.who.int/diabetes/global-report/en/
Published
2020-05-29