KEDUDUKAN HUKUM PANTI ASUHAN SEBAGAI WALI DARI ANAK DIBAWAH UMUR

  • Hanita Sari Fakultas Hukum Universitas Wiraraja Madura
  • Sjaifurrachman Sjaifurrachman
  • Imam Rofiqi
Keywords: Position, Responsibility, Orphanage

Abstract

The Civil Code does not allow a legal entity to be the guardian of a minor child, but in other provisions in law regulation no. 35 of 2014 concerning child protection allows for the implementation of guardianship by legal entities. So it is necessary to question the legal position of the orphanage as guardian of minors and the responsibility of the orphanage as guardian of the assets of minors. The purpose of writing this thesis is to describe the legal position of orphanages as guardians of minors and to explain the responsibilities of orphanages as guardians of the assets of minors. The research method used in writing this thesis is to use a normative juridical research type which uses legislation such as the Civil Code and the Child Protection Law as the main reference. The research approach used is the statutory approach. The types and sources of law used are primary legal materials and secondary legal materials. The first discussion concerns the position of an orphanage as guardian of a minor when there is a court order that the orphanage has the right to take care of the child's personal care. Next, the second discussion concerns the responsibilities of orphanages in fulfilling their obligations as guardians of the assets of minor children. It can be concluded that when guardianship is implemented in an orphanage without a court order, the orphanage is only carrying out its role as a child social welfare institution. Regarding responsibility for children's assets, there must be special supervision from an institution so that there is minimal chance of guardians misappropriating children's assets.

References

Buku :
A. Prakoso, Hukum Perlindungan anak, LaksBang Pressindo, Yogyakarta, 2016.
Aah Tsamrotul Fuadah, Hukum acara peradilan agama plus prinsip hukum acara islam dalam risalah qadha umar bin khaththab, Rajawali Pers, Depok, 2019.
Abdulkadir Muhammad, Hukum Perusahaan Indonesia, Citra Aditya Bakti, Bandung, 2010.
Ali Afandi, Hukum Waris Hukum Keluarga Hukum Pembuktian, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta, 2000.
Ali Rahmat, Kapita Selekta Pendidikan, bina ilmu, Jakarta 2004.
Chidir Ali, Badan Hukum, Alumni, Bandung, 1991.
Direktorat Kesejahteraan Anak dan Keluarga, Pedoman Panti Asuhan, Depsos RI, Jakarta, 1979.
Jonaedi efendi, johnny Ibrahim, Metode Penelitian Hukum Normatif dan Empiris, Prenadamedia Group, Depok, 2018.
M. Nasir Djamil, Anak Bukan Untuk Dihukum, Sinar Grafika, Jakarta, 2013.
Martiman Prodjohamidjojo, Hukum Perkawinan Indonesia, Indonesia legal Center Publishing, Jakarta, 2002.
R. Ali Rido, Badan Hukum dan Kedudukan Badan Hukum Perseroan, Perkumpulan, Koperasi, Yayasan, Wakaf. Alumni: Bandung, 2004.
Wahyono Darmabrata dan Surini ahlan Sjarif, Hukum Perkawinan Dan Keluarga di Indonesia, cet.2, Fakultas Hukum Indonesia, Jakarta, 2004.
Peraturan Perundang-undangan : Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Perdata
Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan
Undang – Undang no 4 Tahun 1979 tentang kesejahteraan anak
Undang-Undang Nomor 16 tahun 2001 tentang yayasan
Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2014 tentang perubahan atas Undang-Undang Nomor 23 tahun 2002 Tentang Pelindungan Anak
Undang-Undang Nomor 16 tahun 2019 tentang perubahan atas Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 tentang Perkawinan
Peraturan pemerintah no 29 tahun 2019 tentang tata cara penunjukan wali.

Jurnal :
Atika Farah, Pengaturan dan Pelaksanaan perwalian oleh lembaga Kesejahteraan sosial anak berdasar hukum perdata indonesia, Diponegoro law journal, volume 5, no.3, Universitas Diponegoro, semarang, 2016.
Djezyka egga pratiwi , tanggung jawab panti asuhan sebagai wali terhadap anak asuhnya, skripsi, medan, fakultas hukum universitas muhammadiyah sumatera utara, 2018.
Maura meralda harahap, Perlindungan hukum terhadap perwalian anak (studi pada panti asuhan ade irma suryani nst di medan), Skripsi, medan, fakultas hukum universitas sumatera utara, 2016.
Nisya khoirun, Pelaksanaan perwalian anak dan tanggung jawab hukum panti asuhan terhadap pemenuhan hak-hak anak asuh di kabupaten kudus, Skripsi, kudus, Fakultas hukum Universitas muria, 2021.
Yuliarti, Norita Citra, Studi Penerapan PSAK 45 Yayasan Panti Asuhan Yabappenatim Jember, Jurnal Akuntansi Universitas Jember Volume 12, No. 2, Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Muhammadiyah jember, 2015.
Published
2024-04-25
Section
Jendela Hukum
Abstract viewed = 27 times
PDF downloaded = 14 times